Choosing a Final year project topic or thesis topic can be worrisome to lots of students when they approach their final year. The challenge of what to study in their specialty stares at them like a huge wall. However, picking a project topic is easy if we take into consideration some salient facts. Let’s look at them
- Problem Relatedness
One mistake students make in choosing a final year project topic is that they focus on “topic”, not “problem”. You need to understand that undertaking research implies discovering a problem and carrying out a study on that problem with an intention of exposing the nature of that problem and in extension proffering a solution. If your topic is not problem-related, then you should reconsider choosing a different topic. Your topic must be problem-related. Here’s the magic, when you discover a problem, you can coin as many topics as you can from a single problem. Hence, your focus should be on discovering a problem in your discipline. When you do this, you can be assured about having a good topic for your research work. One sure way of discovering a problem in your discipline is through studying. When you study you would come across some unanswered questions which require further studies.
Every final year project topic should of necessity have an origin. Do not choose a topic you don’t understand its origin. The essence of understanding the origin of your topic is to enable you to have an overview of the problem you intend to solve. When you don’t understand the origin of your project topic, the chances of choosing the wrong methodology in solving that problem is high.
The origin of your project topic could be in the environment, the society, culture, ethnic profiling, and different sectors of the economy or just theoretical (philosophical). For example, Medical topics have their origin on the health challenges of society and reviews arising from new discoveries.
Accounting topics have their origins in the gaps arising from economy and finance, either from fraud, organizational management, poor record-keeping or concepts, and conventional issues. Therefore, while considering a project topic, be sure of the Origin.
3. Area of Interest
Another important point to consider when choosing a project topic is to choose a topic in your area of interest. This point is the most important when choosing a topic for your research work. Lots of student researchers have chosen topics in areas of their least interest. It is worth knowing that your research can be successfully unproductive and the knowledge you intend to communicate would receive poor transmission if you choose a topic in your least area of interest. Throughout your period in school studying a particular course, you must have developed an interest in an area of your discipline. If so, your research topic should come from there. Let us get more practical at this point.
A medical student is exposed to different areas of medicine. He undertakes some courses on the eyes, the limbs, the brain and different parts of the body, including the surgical operations.
But as he proceeds in this discipline, he develops a special interest in the brain and finds studying about the brain interesting. This student would make the wrong choice if he decides to choose a project topic on the eyes.
By virtue of his training, he can successfully carry out the study on the eye but could have performed better if he had undertaken a study on the human brain. The same applies to an accounting student who has a special interest in financial reporting but decides to undertake a study on taxation. He can do well in this study, however, his input would have been much productive and fulfilling if he had undertaken a study in the area of his interest.
4. Define the scope of your study
If he proceeds with the study, he will discover that solving the challenge of insecurity, in theory, is different from the practical world. He will be faced with some real-life issues and breath-taking opposition that will lead him to abandon the study suddenly. However, he would have done better, if he decides to provide a solution to the insecurity of a particular geographical area, insecurity regarding the mobile phones, insecurity in houses and so on. Therefore, next time you consider choosing a topic, be sure to define the scope.
5. Mind your resources
Another yet important aspect of choosing a project topic which student researchers overlook sometimes is the inability of defining the scope of their research. From personal discovery and years of working closely with student researchers, defining the scope of the project topic gives focus and precision to the study. A topic not well defined in scope can consume resources that can be termed unnecessary but avoidable.
As a student researcher, no matter how problematic a topic is and its origin, coupled with your area of interest, if you don’t define the scope correctly, you will run the risk of obtaining a biased result. This is why defining the scope of your study is important as choosing the project topic itself.
For example, a student researcher undertaking a course on security studies can be passionate about proffering a solution to insecurity in the country. This is a problem he intends to solve which of course will benefit the public. Here’s the challenge; no matter how passionate he is about providing a solution to insecurity in his country, he is limited; first, inexperience and secondly in resources.
No project supervisor or committee would tolerate a student commencing a study and having it uncompleted. Student researchers must consider the resources involved in carrying out a study before undertaking such. In considering the resources, there are two kinds of resources to consider; first is the financial resource and second is the academic resource.
The financial resource is quite significant if your study would take you to the field to obtain responses from respondents or interview the respondents. The collation of facts, the analysis of data and the reporting of research findings can be money consuming and as such, it is important that the student researcher takes note of this. The Academic resource has to do with the availability of research contents. Every project topic has an origin, but what happens if the origin is not documented or poorly recorded and to the extreme, highly inaccessible? The student researcher should also consider the time allocated for the research as it is part of the academic resources.
Therefore, when next you intend to undertake a study, consider these points when choosing a project or thesis topic and you would end up with the best choice in your research work.